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Linguistics & Middle Eastern Jewish & Islamic Civilisations

Higher Education CAO

Linguistics is the scientific study of language. Linguists investigate how language works; how patterns of sounds, words and sentences combine to convey meaning.

If you are interested in literature, religion, ancient and modern history, philosophy, and in the Middle East and North Africa’s relationship with the Western world, this is the course for you.

Award Name Degree - Honours Bachelor (Level 8 NFQ)
NFQ Classification Major
Awarding Body University of Dublin
NFQ Level Level 8 NFQ
Award Name NFQ Classification Awarding Body NFQ Level
Degree - Honours Bachelor (Level 8 NFQ) Major University of Dublin Level 8 NFQ
Course Provider:
Dublin City Centre
Attendance Options:
Daytime, Full time
Qualification Letters:
BA (Hons)
Apply to:


4 years full-time

Specific Subjects or course requirements

Minimum Entry Requirements: Irish Leaving Certificate

To be considered for admission to a degree course at the University you must:

Present six subjects, three of which must be at grade 5 or above on higher Leaving Certificate papers or at least grade 5 in the University matriculation examination.

The six subjects above must include:

A pass in English.

A pass in mathematics (or foundation-level mathematics (see note 2)) and a pass in a language other than English
A pass in Latin and a pass in a subject other than a language.

Specific Subjects Required

O2/H6 in a language other than English or Irish

Middle Eastern Jewish and Islamic Civilisations

Leaving Certificate General Entry Requirements

Admission Requirements 2024

To qualify for admission to an honours degree course at the University you must:

1 meet the minimum entry requirements (see above).

2 satisfy course specific requirements (where applicable), see above.

3 where there is competition for places, have good enough examination results to be included among those to whom offers are made (see the Leaving Certificate scoring system or Advanced GCE (A Level) scoring system).

Minimum entry points for recent years are available at:

Also see ‘Other Requirements’ below.

1 A pass means grade O6/H7 or above in the Leaving Certificate and grade 7 or above in the University matriculation examination.

2 Mathematics at foundation-level is acceptable for minimum entry requirements only, for all courses except nursing or midwifery courses.

Irish at foundation-level is not acceptable for minimum entry requirements, course requirements or for scoring purposes.

3 Students may combine grades achieved in different sittings of their Leaving Certificate/Matriculation examinations for the purpose of satisfying minimum entry and/or course requirements, but not for the purposes of scoring. This is not permitted for Medicine.

4 Combinations of Leaving Certificate subjects not permitted:

Physics/chemistry may not be presented with physics or chemistry.

Biology and agricultural science may not be presented as two of the six subjects required for minimum entry requirements, and they may not be presented together to satisfy course specific requirements. However, both may be used for scoring purposes.

Art and music may not be offered as two of the three higher Leaving Certificate grades for minimum entry requirements, but both may be used for scoring purposes.

Bonus Points for Higher Level Mathematics
All students resenting H6 or above in higher level mathematics will have 25 points added to their score for mathematics. The bonus points will only be relevant where mathematics is scored as one of a student’s six best subjects for points purposes.

An applicant’s six best results from one sitting of the Leaving Certificate will be counted for scoring purposes. Applicants may combine results from the Leaving Certificate and the Trinity matriculation examination of the same year for scoring purposes.

The minimum entry levels (points) for Trinity in recent years are available at:

University Matriculation Examination
A matriculation examination, graded in equivalent terms to grades used in higher Leaving Certificate examination papers, is held in Trinity every year, usually in April. The subjects of the matriculation examination are Biblical Studies and Geology. You may take one or both of the subjects available, but you should note that the range of university matriculation examination subjects available is not sufficient for the fulfilment of all minimum entry requirements.

The closing date for application for the examination is 1 March of the year of proposed entry to study. Application forms and a syllabus can be obtained from:
Academic Registry, Watts Building, Trinity College Dublin,
the University of Dublin, Dublin 2,
T: +353 1 896 4500,

Other Requirements

English Language Requirement
All applicants must present an English language qualification. Accepted/permitted qualifications are:
1 Irish Leaving Certificate: a grade 6 or better in ordinary level English.

2 GCSE: a grade C/grade 5 or better in English language.

3 US High School: a grade C in English taken in final year.

› Paper-based 570 (with a TWE score of 4.5)
› Computer-based 233 (with a score of 4.5 in essay)
› Internet-based 90 (with a written score of 21)

5 Cambridge Advanced/Proficiency: grade C

6 IELTS (academic version) 6.5 (no individual band below 6)
› For Dental courses: IELTS (academic version) 7 (no individual band below 7)
› For Clinical Speech and Language Studies: IELTS (academic version) 7 (no individual band below 7)

7 Pearson Test of English (Academic) – PTE Academic: a minimum score of 63 (with no Communication Skills section score below 59)

8 International Baccalaureate: English A1, A2 or B: 5 at Higher Level (4 at Standard Level if presenting IB through English).

9 QQI/FET: a pass in Communications module (5N0690).

10 Duolingo English Test: Minimum overall score of 120/160, with no section below 105.

Note: Examination results are only valid for two years.

Age Requirement
Applicants seeking admission in 2024 must have a date of birth before 15 January 2008.

Garda Vetting
Students on courses with clinical or other professional placements may be required to undergo Garda vetting procedures prior to commencing placements. If, as a result of the outcome of the Garda vetting procedures, a student is deemed unsuitable to attend clinical or other professional placement, he/she may be required to withdraw from his/her course. Students who have resided outside Ireland for a period of 6 months or more will be required to provide police clearance documentation from the country (including different states) or countries in which they resided.

Students who accept an offer will be informed of the procedures to be followed to complete the vetting process (as part of the student orientation information).

Fitness To Practice
Professional courses demand that certain core competencies are met by students in order to graduate and practice professionally after qualification. Trinity has special responsibility to ensure that all students admitted to all professional programmes will be eligible for registration by the relevant professional body upon graduation. It is important to us that our students are able to fulfil the rigorous demands of professional courses and are fit to practice.

Health Screening
Offers of admission to the following courses are made subject to certain vaccination requirements and/or certain negative test results:
› Clinical Speech and Language Studies
› Orthodontic Therapy, Dental Science, Dental Hygiene, Dental Nursing, and Dental Technology
› Medicine
› Nursing and Midwifery
› Occupational Therapy
› Pharmacy
› Physiotherapy
› Radiation Therapy
› Social Studies (Social work)

Full details are available at:

Leaving Certificate Vocational Progamme LCVP

Leaving Certificate Vocational Programme Link Modules
These modules are accepted for scoring purposes only and are awarded the following points: Distinction 66, Merit 46, Pass 28.

QQI FET Applicants General Information

QQI/FETAC Qualifications
There is an entry route to a number of degree programmes in Trinity for applicants presenting appropriate QQI/FET Level 5 or 6 Major Awards. Applicants presenting distinctions in five modules can be considered for admission.

Full information on courses with QQI entry routes, requirements etc., can be found at the link below.

QQI FET General Information Link

QQI FET Entry Requirements

Careers / Further progression

Graduate skills and career opportunities
A Joint Honours degree with Linguistics provides an excellent foundation for professions involving language-centred expertise, such as speech and language therapy; education, including language teaching; media; journalism; PR and advertising; IT including speech and language technology; translation and interpreting. Pathways for academic and research careers abound: Linguistics has natural affinities for areas like sociology, psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and anthropology.

Training in Linguistics promotes the critical evaluation of evidence, logical and detailed analysis, and the formulation and presentation of arguments. Graduates will be able to take an objective view of theoretical and practical issues, formulate researchable questions and hypotheses, identify and implement appropriate research methods, and critically evaluate competing theories and frameworks.

Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations
Graduate skills and career opportunities
As well as the specific knowledge you acquire about the Middle East, North Africa, and Jewish and Islamic history and culture, you also acquire skills highly valued by employers, such as critical and independent thinking, clear writing, evidence-based argument, research, presenting effectively, and problem solving. You will also acquire valuable knowledge in international affairs.

Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations provides the ideal foundation for those aspiring to careers in public services, foreign affairs, diplomacy, journalism and education. Many of our graduates can be found in these and in other professions.

Points for Joint Honors

Course Web Page

Further information

Mature Students
All undergraduate courses in Trinity are open to mature applicants. Mature student applicants are not required to satisfy the normal minimum entry requirements and are not required to meet competitive academic entry levels (such as Leaving Certificate points), but are considered in the first instance on the basis of how relevant their life, work and educational experiences are to the course(s) that they wish to pursue. In addition, all applicants should demonstrate an interest in and knowledge of their course choice(s).

In order to apply to Trinity as a mature applicant you must:
› be an EU applicant (see page 218)
› be at least 23 years of age on 1 January 2024
› submit a CAO application form to the Central Applications Office (CAO) by 1 February 2024

Late applications will not be considered from mature students.

CAO applications may be made online at:

Further information about applying through the CAO as a mature student can be found

Applicants to all courses may be required to attend an interview. Interviews are usually held between April and May.

Certain courses may also require applicants to meet other assessment criteria. For information on additional assessments for specific courses please refer to the Mature Student Guidelines booklet available from:

Academic Registry, Watts Building, Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin, Dublin 2, T: +353 1 896 4500, E:

The Mature Student Guidelines booklet is also available to download at:

Trinity will inform mature applicants of the outcome of their application before the end of May to allow successful applicants the maximum time possible to prepare for the start of the academic year 2024. Official offers to successful applicants are made through the CAO in early July. To secure your place you must return a formal acceptance notice to the CAO by the specified reply date.

An information seminar to prepare all successful mature applicants for starting in Trinity will take place in July 2024. An orientation programme for all successful mature applicants will take place in August 2024.

For further information on studying in Trinity as a mature student please contact the mature student officer, T: +353 1 896 1386, E: For more information, visit:

Please Refer to:

Entry 2024

Early online application (discounted): Fee €30 Closing Date: 20 January 2024 at 5pm

Normal online application: Fee €45 Closing Date: 1 February 2024 at 5pm

Late online application - restrictions apply (see page 3 2024 CAO Handbook): Fee: €60 Closing Date: 1 May 2024 at 5pm

Change of Mind - restrictions apply (see page 3 2024 CAO Handbook): Fee: Nil Closing Date: 1 July 2024 at 5pm

Exceptional online late application (see page 34 of the 2024 CAO Handbook): Fee €60 Closing Date: 22 July 2024 at 5pm

Be sure to complete any action well in advance of closing dates. You should avoid making an application close to a closing date. No extensions to closing dates will be allowed and all application fees are non-refundable.

Late Applications are those which are received after 5pm on 1 February 2024. The closing date for late applications is 5pm on 1 May 2024, subject to the restrictions listed on page 3 of the 2024 CAO Handbook. The online facility for late applications opens on the 5 March 2024 at 12:00 noon - a fee of €60 applies.

Exceptional Late Applications (Exception to the timetable)
The exceptional closing date of 22 July at 5pm applies only to applicants who are registered as an undergraduate student on 1 May 2024 in any year in any one of the participating HEIs (subject to the exclusions listed below). In order to avail of the Exceptional Late Application facility you must have entered the HEI through the CAO system. This is an exceptional late closing date and all steps must be completed by 5pm on 22 July. No changes may be made after this date.

If you did not enter your current course through the CAO system, you must first contact the Admissions Office of the HEI to which you wish to apply and they will inform you if you may submit an application direct to the institution.

You may submit a late application only for entry to courses other than your existing course. If you wish to repeat the year in the same course you must arrange this within your HEI.

Mary Immaculate College Limerick, Marino Institute of Education, Trinity College Dublin, University of Limerick and Maynooth University have special procedures in place in the case of current or previous students who wish to apply for entry to another course in the same HEI. Such applicants must contact their Admissions Office to determine the application procedure. However, if you are a student in another HEI and you wish to apply to any of these five HEIs, you should apply through CAO.

Refer to page 34 of the 2024 CAO Handbook on how to make an Exceptional Late Application.

As a CAO applicant you may experience one or more of the following restrictions based on your course choices, your category of application, or restrictions imposed by the HEIs that you wish to apply to. Please read the section on 'Restrictions' on page 3 of the 2024 CAO Handbook carefully. This section includes information on:

General Restrictions
1. Making a late application
2. Making changes to your course choices

Restricted Courses
3. Applying for a restricted course

Mature Applicants
4. Mature applicants

Supplementary Admissions Routes
5. Applying for DARE and/or HEAR


What is Linguistics?
Linguistics is the scientific study of language. Linguists investigate how language works; how patterns of sounds, words and sentences combine to convey meaning. Language is fundamental to nearly every aspect of human experience: how we communicate, our sense of identity, how we interact socially, how we think. Linguists explore all these areas and more. They study everyday language use, how it varies and changes geographically, socially and across time, and how children acquire language.

Even when they investigate specific languages, linguists are often trying to shed light on language in general. Some investigate how people acquire their knowledge about language and what this tells us about how the mind works. Many linguists investigate how languages vary across speakers, social groups and geographic regions, and some are involved in the documentation and maintenance of endangered languages. Some make computational models of speech and language based on collections of spoken and written language.

Linguistics: The course for you?
Linguistics often appeals to students who are curious about language as one of the most fascinating aspects of human knowledge and behaviour. Perhaps you are interested in accents, dialects, or slang, or you are a good learner of languages, or you are intrigued by how language changes over time, or you wonder how humans manage to learn and produce language. Linguistics is also appealing to those who enjoy detailed, problem-solving analysis and careful argumentation. Students of Linguistics engage in evidence-based analysis of language, acquiring skills and techniques that allow investigation of different aspects of language structure such as sound, words and grammar. This involves key transferable skills in problem solving and critical thinking.

Linguistics at Trinity
This new undergraduate subject builds on a decades-long tradition of Linguistics teaching and research in the Centre for Language and Communication Studies (CLCS). Teaching is research-led: all members of the teaching team are engaged in state-of- the-art work in the various subfields of theoretical and applied linguistics. CLCS boasts a highly equipped Phonetics and Speech Laboratory providing a wide range of analytic empirical approaches to the study of the structure of spoken language, and a tie-in with the many ongoing research projects.

There is a strong postgraduate presence, including both Masters and Ph.D. students, and a lively research ethos, as well as opportunities to interact with other undergraduates in the School such as those in Clinical Speech and Language Studies and the Centre for Deaf Studies. Students are encouraged to participate actively in the wider scholarly activities of CLCS such as seminars and reading groups.

The pathways available are Major with Minor and Joint Honours. There may also be an opportunity to take this subject up as a New Minor Subject from second year.

Study abroad
Students have the opportunity to spend one or both terms abroad in third year on an Erasmus exchange. CLCS has connections with a large number of European universities with a strong record in Linguistics, including in Norway, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Austria, and France

Why study Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations?
Through the lens of the Middle East and North Africa, Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations introduces you to a broad range of subjects at university level. If you are interested in literature, religion, ancient and modern history, philosophy, and in the Middle East and North Africa’s relationship with the Western world, this is the course for you. You will be able to explore how societies develop their values and perspectives in deep historical time, beginning with the cultures of the Sumerians, Babylonians, Persians and ancient Israelites, and extending to the political conditions of the contemporary world.

Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations at Trinity
› Learn about the history and culture of major trading partners.
› Study societies from antiquity to modernity.
› Understand the challenges of diversity and multiculturalism.
› Optionally learn a Middle Eastern language. › Optionally study abroad.

The cultures and societies of the Middle East and North Africa have been deeply influential in shaping European and Western values. Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations offers you the opportunity to study the historical origins as well as contemporary culture of a wide range of societies of the region, providing you with an insight into the contemporary Middle East and to the challenges of diversity and multiculturalism in an increasingly globalised world.

Study abroad
Immersing yourself in the culture of another people, and spending time in another University system, is not only an enormously fun and formative experience, it is also one of the most valuable ways of achieving fluency and getting to know about the local people, politics, history and culture. Study abroad is likely to prove one of the highlights of your degree.

Depending on the pathway you choose, you can optionally spend one or both semesters of your third year at one of our partner institutions, which include Boğaziçi University, Charles University (Prague), LMU Munich, Sciences Po (Menton) and Université catholique de Louvain. For more information on study abroad destinations and requirements visit: study-abroad


Your degree and what you’ll study
The Linguistics course concentrates in the first two years on core areas and concepts of Linguistics; in the final two years there is scope for specialisation and in some pathways greater optionality. Most teaching is in lecture or seminar format; phonetics and speech modules take place in a laboratory. Certain modules are supported by tutorials.

First and second years
In the first two years of the Linguistics course you will learn about many aspects of human language, including how sounds are produced and perceived (phonetics and phonology), how words are built (morphology), how words are combined to form sentences (syntax), how meanings are expressed (semantics).

Depending on your chosen pathway, you will be taking modules from among the following:

First year
Introduction to Linguistics I & II
Syntax I
Phonetics and Phonology I
Semantics I
First Language Acquisition

Second year
Syntax II
Applied Linguistics I
Phonology II
Introduction to Sign Linguistics I
Phonetics and Phonology Lab
Pragmatics I

Third and fourth years
A wide menu of modules in the third and fourth years offers deeper specialisation as well as exploration of applied and interdisciplinary topics.

Depending on your chosen pathway, you will be taking modules from among the following:

Third year
Discourse Analysis
Research Methodology
Second Language Acquisition
Semantics II
Applied Linguistics II
Historical Linguistics
Phonetics II
Introduction to Sign Linguistics II

Fourth year
Pragmatics II
Language Policy and Planning
Language Learning and Technology
Phonology III
Computational Linguistics
Syntax III
Semantics III

Linguistics Capstone Project
If you take Linguistics as a Major subject, you will complete a Capstone Project on a chosen topic in your final year. You will be assigned a supervisor to help you with topic selection and planning and to provide you with support in research and writing. The project is also supported by a third-year module in Research Methodology.

Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations

Your degree and what you’ll study
At entry, Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations must be combined with one other subject. In later years, you will be able to select additional subjects and electives.

The Department of Near and Middle Eastern Studies’ dedication to small-group teaching makes the student experience particularly rewarding. Amongst our students, we foster independent and creative thinking and, to facilitate this, lecturers are always ready to meet individual students to discuss academic issues.

The pathways available are Single Honours, Major with Minor, and Joint Honours. There may also be an opportunity to take this subject up as a New Minor Subject from second year.

First and second years In first year, you are introduced to the history of the region as well as to the history of Jews and Muslims in the context of the Middle East and North Africa, Europe and the US. We offer introductory courses in the Modern Middle East, to Jewish and Islamic cultures, and Ancient Near Eastern history and culture.

Topics in the first two years include:
› Politics of the contemporary Middle East and North Africa.
› The Middle East during the two World Wars.
› Jews in European Society.
› Islam in Europe.
› Ancient Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Empires.
› European relations with the Middle East and North Africa.

You explore them through academic literature and many primary sources, including literature, film, ancient inscriptions, blogs, government records, archaeological evidence.

From second year, you can optionally commence study of a language: Arabic, Turkish, Ancient or Modern Hebrew, Middle Egyptian Hieroglyphs or Sumerian. You can also select all non-language modules, including Trinity Electives. In your core course, you will study diverse cultures in the ancient, medieval and modern worlds through political, religious and literary texts, material culture, music, blogs and film. Topics include
› The ancient empires of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Persia.
› Contemporary Islamic Movements.
› Human Rights in the Middle East.
› The History of Jews and Muslims in Europe from the Medieval to the Modern Period.
› Turkish Cultural History.
› The History of the Ottoman Empire.

Third and fourth years
In third year, you may choose to study for a semester abroad (this is not compulsory). You can continue with your Middle Eastern Language (if you have decided to study a language) or choose from a broad range of options offered by the department of Near and Middle Eastern Studies, open modules and Trinity Electives.

In your final year, you can continue your language, if you are doing one, and choose from a wide range of modules to suit your interests. Options in recent years have included:
› The Modern Middle East and European Powers
› The Decline of the Ottoman Empire
› The Middle East and America.
› The Jews of Egypt and their Encounter with Greek Culture.
› The Persian Empire. › Islam and Gender.
› Holocaust Representation in Film and Literature.
› Advanced language
› Reading Gilgamesh.

You also write a dissertation, which is an independent research project carried out under the guidance of a supervisor.

A wide range of assessment formats is used, including collection and analysis of data, take-home problems, classroom tests, research reviews, oral presentations, and some examinations.

Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Civilisations
At all levels, you will be assessed by a combination of continuous assessment and exams. We use a mix of traditional and innovative continuous assessment methods – essays, project work, presentations, book reviews and dossiers and podcast creation. Language modules are traditionally assessed by written and oral assessments and examinations. Final year students also write a Capstone project.

Course Provider:
Dublin City Centre
Attendance Options:
Daytime, Full time
Qualification Letters:
BA (Hons)
Apply to: